vocational education in Hong Kong Research Office Legislative Council Secretariat IN15/14-15 1. Italian missionaries began to provide boy-only education to British and Chinese youth in 1843. (Half the day was spent on the Chinese language and the traditional Confucian curriculum and half the day was spent on the English language and what was then known as "useful knowledge" (i.e. [18] ISC defines an 'international school' in the following terms "ISC includes an international school if the school delivers a curriculum to any combination of pre-school, primary or secondary students, wholly or partly in English outside an English-speaking country, or if a school in a country where English is one of the official languages, offers an English-medium curriculum other than the country’s national curriculum and is international in its orientation. Koo, Ramsey. Until recently, however, historians paid little attention to Hong Kong. Fortunately, the British were able to restore law and order fairly quickly. The academic year begins mid-year, usually starting in September. Public primary schools admit students via the Primary One Admission System. HONG KONG IN 1839 China clamped down on the hugely profitable trade in … Relevance. [5][6] Educating the poor did not become a priority until they accounted for the majority of the population. His work, over a period of years, led to his being called, "The Founder of Hong Kong Education". International institutions like schools within the English Schools Foundation, Li Po Chun United World College, Hong Kong International School, American International School Hong Kong, Chinese International School, Victoria Shanghai Academy German Swiss International School, Canadian International School, Hong Kong Japanese School, Hong Kong Academy, French International School, Yew Chung International School, Po Leung Kuk Choi Kai Yau School, Singapore International School, Mount Kelly Hong Kong and Harrow International School Hong Kong teach with English as the primary language, with some sections bilingual in German, French and Chinese. All schools were forced to introduce the Japanese language dedicating up to five hours per week to its study. Hong Kong's international schools are not subject to independent inspection reports by the territory's regulator, meaning word of mouth tends to drive reputation as to what are considered to be the best performing international schools in the territory. 12th century – Hong Kong is a sparsely populated area dominated by the Five Clans – Hau, Tang, Liu, Man and Pang. He took a lead from various missionaries who had been active in Hong Kong education for the Chinese in the earlier post 1841 period and insisted on a bilingual and bicultural curriculum. University education extends from three years to four. Educational Pamphlet of "Striving and Transforming – The History of Hong Kong Industry" Educational Pamphlet of "Glistening Treasures in the Dust – Ancient Artefacts of Afghanistan" Educational Pamphlet of "The Road to Modernisation – 70 Years of the People's Republic of China" Educational Pamphlet of "Gilded Glory: Chaozhou Woodcarving" Educational Pamphlet of "An Age … Education in the public sector is free. Adult education is popular, since it gives middle age adults a chance to obtain a tertiary degree. Chinese who were wealthy did not educate their children in Hong Kong but instead sent them to major Chinese cities, such as Canton, for traditional Chinese education. In 2013, the amount of subsidy under the PEVS is $16,800. Secondary education will move away from the English model of five years secondary schooling plus two years of university matriculation to the Chinese model of three years of junior secondary plus another three years of senior secondary. It is also required to attend a secondary school after primary education and is completed before he/she attains the age of 18. It outlines the principles and policies regarding student discipline, the organisational structure of a school discipline team, the roles and responsibilities of the discipline master and mistress, and discipline strategies illustrated with case studies. There have been debates that one should seize the opportunity to promote small class teaching, in order to mitigate the pressure of teachers, class and school reductions, on top of improving ratio of students to teachers. The secondary schools themselves are … Education in Hong Kong, pre-1841 to 1941. p.87, Hong Kong University Press. The timeline starts at the area’s earliest recorded mention through to World War Two, taking in the major moments in Hong Kong history. This was due to increasing tuitions from international schools which received influxes of wealthy Mainland Chinese and desires from parents for white students to learn Cantonese. These initial models were based upon voluntary and philanthropic work. By 1943, thirty-nine schools had actually been forced to establish a specialization in the Japanese language and culture. Education in Hong Kong has entered a new era. history@hku.hk. Bachelor's degrees issued in Hong Kong have honours distinctions: first class, second class upper division, second class lower division, and third class. Teachers focus on helping students getting high scores in the major exams and heavily rely on textbook knowledge rather than exchanging ideas and essence of the subjects. The EMB has commissioned two non-profit school operators to provide evening courses. Government officials became increasingly committed to education, and British schools along with Chinese schools being administered through Western thought, began to receive supplemental funding alongside new policies. At senior secondary, students has select two subjects from eight subjects. The two sessions were usually treated as separate school entities with two different headmasters. Home. [29], Education in Hong Kong has often been described as 'spoon fed'. and Lucille L.S. To promote the interactions of work groups or individual students in a new learning environment, professors were engaged in the role of "consultant, facilitator, helper" and posers of questions. Given Hong Kong’s political history, it has two history subjects today, ‘History’ and ‘Chinese history’. Formal education became standardized and higher education on the island became considered among the best available across Asia. Pre-school education in Hong Kong is not free and fees are payable by pupils' parents. Amalgamated from two British mission schools founded in the 1880s for destitute girls and daughters of Christian parents, and renamed Heep Yunn School in 1936, the institution has witnessed and responded to the dramatic changes of Hong Kong over the years. Run by private organisations and mainly accept local Chinese children. [31], Some[who?] The commerce stream in secondary schools is considered vocational. Ngan. Currently receiving government aid in accordance with the Codes of Aid. As early as March 1987, education advisory inspectors became concerned with the excessive amounts of "mechanical work and meaningless homework". The University of Hong Kong School of Humanities Dept. Relevance. Ten years after, the 80% of the Hong Kong's institutes had left the traditional approach to education, mainly based on teachers and textbooks, to adopt an active and experiential learning pedagogy. However, some Chinese did resist this western influence and as private schools began to emerge, those that could afford it sent their children there, so that they would be exposed to less government and Christian interference. Jun 26th 1997. [11], A small group of South Asian Hongkongers marched through Central demanding more schooling in the English language on 3 June 2007. Its re-opening is scheduled to take place in Spring 2020. http://www.tuition.com.hk/education-system.htm, http://www.gov.hk/en/about/abouthk/factsheets/docs/education.pdf, http://studyinhongkong.edu.hk/eng/01hkesystem.jsp, http://rt.com/news/hong-kong-education-protest-161/, http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1080971/hong-kong-parents-seek-alternatives-local-schools, Hoffman, Bowley. Public sector schools form the majority in the 6-year primary and 6-year secondary basic education. US students take APs. Further education pursuits in the Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education or universities abroad are common. The university supported the community in several ways, in … Each of the final three years of primary school concludes with intense examinations, which determine the secondary school that each student may be eligible to attend. The History of Hong Kong . When the Japanese surrendered Britain took immediate steps to regain control. The University of Hong Kong was founded in 1912 as the first degree bearing institution of higher education. As a result, the growth in population led to the early Hong Kongese institutions of education. Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese, Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE), post-graduate certificates or diplomas, masters, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Education in the People's Republic of China, "Report on Review of 9-year Compulsory October 1997 Education (Revised Version)", "Teachers, policymakers and project learning: The questionable use of 'hard' and 'soft' policy instruments to influence the implementation of curriculum reform in Hong Kong", "Hong Kong students strike on first day of school year", "The Hong Kong Education System and school system explained", https://www.ibo.org/programmes/find-an-ib-school/?SearchFields.Region=&SearchFields.Country=HK&SearchFields.Keywords=&SearchFields.Language=&SearchFields.BoardingFacilities=&SearchFields.SchoolGender=&SearchFields.ProgrammeDP=true, "The New Thing in Hong Kong's Public Schools: White Students", "International School Consultancy Group > Home", "International School Consultancy Group > Information > ISC News", https://whichschooladvisor.com/hong-kong/school-search?school_phase%5B%5D=1&school_phase%5B%5D=2&school_phase%5B%5D=4&school_phase%5B%5D=5&school_phase%5B%5D=6&school_phase%5B%5D=7&cur%5B%5D=12&cur%5B%5D=68&cur%5B%5D=42&cur%5B%5D=10&cur%5B%5D=11&cur%5B%5D=82, "Schools offering the IB DP in Hong Kong", "Chinese International School Fees & Availability", "Student Guidance and Discipline Services", Colonial models and the evolution of education systems: centralization and decentralization in Hong Kong and Macau, Investigating the differential mobility experiences of Chinese cross-border students, "LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION CENTRES IN HONG KONG", Education Bureau, Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Education_in_Hong_Kong&oldid=999449672, Articles containing Japanese-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles needing additional references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from June 2018, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The number of students doing the local curriculum (HKDSE) must be no less than half of all students. Some 33 schools in Hong Kong currently offer the Diploma.[23]. Private, international schools come at very different prices. Under the scheme, schools are free to decide their curriculum, fees and entrance requirements, under the following conditions: Subsidies are provided according to the number of pupils admitted. Education in Hong Kong is largely modelled on that of the United Kingdom, particularly the English system.It is overseen by the Education Bureau and the Social Welfare Department.. Sign up. It became a colony of the United Kingdom in 1842, and the British maintained control until 1997, when China appropriated it as a “Special Administrative Region.” Education has been strongly influenced by its unique location and history. International institutions provide both primary and secondary education in Hong Kong. Financial issues were addressed in the 1970s. Along with extra-curricular activities, Hong Kong's education has become synonymous for leaning towards quantity. Almost all schools but PLK Vicwood KT Chong Sixth Form College and its feeder junior secondary college have both sessions. Subsequent years included a kind of “study abroad” program, where students could travel to Japan to continue higher studies. The new system is more aligned with the academic systems worldwide, and allows more opportunities for student exchanges with other parts of the world. A spike in the number of youth attending school was observed and girls were regularly enrolling, showing Hong Kong’s progressive spirit towards education in the early 1900’s. In senior years, this becomes more selective and students have a choice over what and how much is to be studied. have criticised the system for having too narrow of a stream focus, too early on. Bray, Mark. HKSAR Government has encouraged non-government primary and secondary schools which have attained a sufficiently high education standard to join the DSS by providing subsidies to enhance the quality of private school education since 1991/92 school year. The university supported the community in several ways, in addition to its obvious production of college graduates. [5], One of the earliest schools with reliable records was Li Ying College established in 1075 in present-day New Territories. The concept was not common several decades ago. The narrow focus of education in Hong Kong has been a concern. "[18] This definition is used by publications including The Economist. [19], While the ISC definition allows for an objective number is does also mean that the count of "International Schools" is often considerably higher than the number of schools that would be relevant to an international, expatriate audience. Date. British students take GCSE, IGCSE, and A-levels. This deviates from the common benchmark of intellect where value propositions are generated from innovation and distinctive solutions, and this has led to much schism in the debate of educational direction of Hong Kong, where the populace makes no such aspiration for intellect but seek constant reaffirmation of the value of myriad certificates obtained through pedagogy throughout their working lives. Of these 24 schools follow in part or in full a UK based curriculum[22] (largely the I/GCSE up to 16, A Level post 16), while others follow a UK/International Baccalaureate blend with the IB Diploma offered for post-16 study. : +852-3917-2874 | Fax: +852-2858-9755 | 1063, 10/F, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial … along with body height and weight increasing up, lessons would become relevant to the social, cultural and economic development of Hong Kong through secondary education. [6], The changes came with the arrival of the British in 1841. Small village Chinese schools were observed by the British missionaries when they arrived circa 1843. [30], With the advent of education reform there is a greater emphasis on group projects, open-ended assignments on top of traditional homework. Sort by. Legco Member Alan Leong argued in a guest lecture at the Chinese University of Hong Kong that secondary level science students are incapable of participating in meaningful discussions on history, arts, or literature. Hong Kong’s main port, Victoria Harbor, is a focal point of global trade. Special Jun 28th 1997 edition. [8], One of the much-contested debates was whether schools should offer Vernacular education, teaching in Chinese. This dual expression symbolises the blend of East and West that characterises Hong Kong. Post your resume. Cookies help us deliver our services. Not only that, students have to memorise the whole history texts, thereby indicating that rote-learning has greater priority than absorbing and understanding material. These fees are skewed by the fact that this school is boarding only, and only for the students studying the last two years of the IB. [12], On 2 September 2019, thousands of Hong Kong's students striked the secondary schools to join a boycott organized by the local party Demosisto against the extradition bill to China. [7], In 1862 Frederick Stewart arrived in Hong Kong. ", This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 06:38. In previous eras virtually the entire international school student body was foreign. Vickers, Edward. Senior education officials often acclaim the excellence of Hong Kong education, yet few if any will let their children matriculate locally, preferring overseas universities instead. History Education - General Studies for Primary Schools (Primary 1-Primary 6): Learning and Teaching Resources (New) (Chinese Version Only) -History Education - Chinese History (Secondary 1-3): Sharing of Teaching Practices (New) (Chinese Version Only)-Learning and Teaching Resource Lists (New)-My Pledge to Act 2020 – Be Grateful and Treasure What We Have, Stay Positive and … Back. Education in Hong Kong is largely modelled on that of the United Kingdom, particularly the English system. [24] Its average fees across year groups is currently HKD 216,500 (USD $27,935). To make peace, China agreed to cede Hong Kong Island to Britain in 1841. Are people, there are 587 primary schools, including international schools come at very different.. Make an often very difficult decision schools were observed by the British in 1841 all schools were forced establish... One of the earliest schools with reliable records was Li Ying College in... 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