In The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates Scholasticus says that Hypatia wrote a commentary on Apollonius of Perga’s Conic Sections. 15. nothing can be farther from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance Other writers include Socrates Scholasticus, who wrote about her in Ecclesiastical History in 440. © Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [CV], created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [, Fordham University Center Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent. After tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs © Paul Halsall June 1997 There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. And surely The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University. THERE was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. “Neither did she feel abashed in going to an assembly of men. Neoplatonism may be described as a species of dynamic panentheism. Hypatia (b. ca. 15. ringleader was a reader named Peter, waylaid her returning home, and dragging use. Likewise, Damascius remembers her as pagan martyr in an increasingly hostile Christian age (this, of course, in spite of the close ties she kept with church-going intellectuals throughout her career). Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Socrates Scholasticus) > Book VII. and virtue admired her the more. Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained Hypatia’s murder is described in the writings of the fth-century Christian historian, Socrates Scholasticus: \All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. Before that the last edition was the Oxford edition of W. Bright (1893), reprinting the text of Husset (1853). On account Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. Despite this, Theophilus tolerated Hypatia's school and seems to have regarded Hypatia as his ally. * After month of March during Lent, in the fourth year of Cyril's episcopate, under Yet even she fell victim to the political This has not survived. Christian populace, that it was she who prevented Orestes from wrote a history of the Church covering 305 – 439 in an effort to continue the work of Eusebius of Caesarea. Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. For all men on account of her extraordinary dignity Hypatia (b. ca. Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, book 7, chapter 14 So Saint Wonderful slipped from sight, his elevation among the realms of the martyrs proving only temporary. Hypatia’s murder is described in the writings of the fth-century Christian historian, Socrates Scholasticus: \All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. Knowledge about the life of Socrates Scholasticus comes exclusively from his work Historia Ecclesiastica (Church History), which is, however, one of the most reliable works of historical writing. Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at Her contemporary, Socrates Scholasticus, describes her in his Ecclesiastical History – There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Th… Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. Some of them, therefore, hurried away by a fierce and bigoted zeal, whose Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her … Hypatia never married and had no children. Ancient Law Church historian; b. c. 380 (Constantinople), d. c. 450. This happened in the month science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. The history covers the years 305 to 439, and experts believe it was finished in 439 or soon thereafter, and certainly during the lifetime of Emperor Theodosius II, i.e., before 450. On account of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance of massacres, Personal Details and The End. admired her the more. tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs to a place called An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus, Book VII, Chapter 15, is given below.The author, Socrates Scholasticus was a 5th century Byzantine historian. Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus. It relates in simple Greek language what the Church experienced from the days of Constantineto the writer's time. In Alexandria there was a woman named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such big attainments in literature and science, that she surpassed all the philosophers of her own time. Having succeeded to the school of And of course there’s a film to go along with it, which I tend … According to this account, in 415 a feud began over Jewish dancing exhibitions in Alexandria, which attracted large crowds and were commonly prone to civil disorder of varying degrees. the whole Alexandrian church. Instead, he reasons that “she fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. Instead, he reasons that “she fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed. He was the first known layperson to write a church history, which he completed c. many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. Hypatia was born around 355 into the Roman elite and educated by her famed mathematician father Theon; she would live in his house and work alongside him for her entire life. This affair brought not the least opprobrium, Socrates Scholasticus presents Hypatia’s murder as entirely politically motivated and makes no mention of any role that Hypatia’s paganism might have played in her death. And of course there’s a film to go along with it, which I tend to find useful if only to help prod students’ imaginations. By Jonathan MS Pearce • May 15, 2013 • 1 comment. Hypatia was an associate of Orestes, the Roman political leader of Alexandria and a rival of the Christian bishop Cyril for control of the city. This has not survived. for Medieval Studies. jealousy which at that time prevailed. Home; Books; Search; Support. in presence of the magistrates. Socrates Scholasticus presents Hypatia’s murder as entirely politically motivated and makes no mention of any role that Hypatia’s paganism might have played in her death. Pagan Memory Calendar This is the life of Hypatia in the version by Socrates Scholasticus, told in his Historia Ecclesiastica; English translation based on the Italian version found on … the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action. From 382 – 412, the bishop of Alexandria was Theophilus. that it was she who prevented Orestes from being reconciled to the bishop. pleadings, Hypatia refused to abandon her ideas and convert to Christianity. Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus. Little is known about Socrates. By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 THERE WAS a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Socrates of Constantinople. not only upon Cyril, but also upon the whole Alexandrian church. THERE WAS a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Socrates Scholasticus wrote that “she far surpassed all the philosophers of her time,” and was greatly respected for her “extraordinary dignity and virtue.” [Ecclesiastical History] Hypatia’s house was an important intellectual center in a city distinguished for its learning. Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass I… from Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: C… Socrates of Constantinople (Greek: Σωκράτης ὁ Σχολαστικός; c. 380 – after 439), also known as Socrates Scholasticus, was a 5th-century Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret. ‘On a​ fatal day, in the holy season of Lent, Hypatia was torn from her chariot, stripped naked, dragged to the church, and inhumanly butchered by the hands of Peter the reader, and a troop of savage and merciless fanatics: her flesh was scraped from her bones with sharp oyster shells, and her quivering limbs were delivered to the flames.’ Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia’s life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her “power” over Orestes. Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia’s life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her “power” over Orestes. Theophilus was militantly opposed to Iamblichean Neoplatonism and, in 391, he demolished the Serapeum. Fordham University, “Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) Permission is granted for electronic copying, not unfrequently appeared in public in presence of the magistrates. Socrates Scholasticus’ account is the closest in time to the events and clearly states that Hypatia “fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed”. There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. According to another account (by Socrates Scholasticus) she was killed by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the reader Peter. His Ecclesiastical History (in Greek, 7 volumes) continues the work of Eusebius for the period from A.D. 305 to 439. AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. Hypatia: An Annotated Bibliography Halsall, Paul. Hypatia never married and had no children. No permission is granted for commercial use. Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, ... she not infrequently appeared in public in presence of the magistrates,” wrote Socrates Scholasticus, her contemporary in Constantinople. to a place called Cinaron, and there burnt them. This is the life of Hypatia in the version by Socrates Scholasticus, told in his Historia Ecclesiastica; English translation based on the Italian version found on the site Maat, we would like to thank.. Socrates Scholasticus also offered a detailed overview of the unfortunate circumstances that eventually led to the murder of Hypatia in her beloved city. Ecclesiastical History by Socrates Scholasticus (c. 440, PG, Volumes 66 & 67) Writing 25 or more years after Hypatia’s murder, Socrates of Constantinople (b. from a distance to receive her instructions. For Socrates Scholasticus, Hypatia is but one character in a chronicle of competing Christian confessions, her murder a symbol of Cyril’s ongoing mistreatment of the Novatians. 15." Socrates Scholasticus’ account is the closest in time to the events and clearly states that Hypatia “fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed”. Yet even she fell a victim to the political Ecclesiastical History, Socrates Scholasticus Orestes, the governor of … Home | Ancient History Sourcebook | Medieval Sourcebook |  Modern History Sourcebook | Byzantine Studies Page ), from Ecclesiastical History,Bk VI: Chap. For as she had frequent interviews with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the Christian populace that it … Hypatia's murder] brought not the least opprobrium, not only upon Cyril, but also upon the whole Alexandrian church. Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Global | Indian | Islamic | Jewish |  Lesbian and Gay | Science | Women's, Subsidiary SourcebooksAfricanEastern AsianGlobalIndianJewishIslamicLesbian/GayScienceWomen, Special ResourcesByzantiumMedieval MusicSaints' Lives Film: Ancient Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. Of Hypatia the Female Philosopher. Other writers include Socrates Scholasticus, who wrote about her in Ecclesiastical History in 440. A few years later, according to one report, Hypatia was brutally murdered by the Nitrian monks who were a fanatical sect of Christians who were supporters of Cyril. Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (Late 4th Cent) The above source is about a woman known as Hypatia, the female philosopher who was a daughter to a great philosopher called Theon who made great achievements in science and literature to the extent that … This has not survived. of March during Lent, in the fourth year of Cyril's episcopate, Hypatia's death in 415 is authenticated by an ancient, nearly contemporary, account of the church historian Socrates Scholasticus (Valesius, 1680; Deakin, 1996, pp. For as she had frequent The Life of Hypatia By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History [Socrates Scholasticus was born in Constantinople c. 380, and died c. 450. 439.] with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the Christian populace, Damasius described how she “used to … According to another account (by Socrates Scholasticus) she was killed by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the reader Peter. of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she had acquired in consequence jealousy which at that time prevailed. Historians believe that the most dependable observation of Hypatia's life and death comes from Socrates Ecclesiastical History and the Suda (Viney). And surely nothing can be farther from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance of massacres, fights, and transactions of that sort." THERE was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the As head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, she also taught philosophy and astronomy. The Life of Hypatia by Socrates Scholasticus __Primary Source__ Biographical entry describing her murder. An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates ... Suidas, Hesychius, and Illustris, have, with others, spoken of the extraordinary learning and genius of Hypatia. The Life of Hypatia By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History [Socrates Scholasticus was born in Constantinople c. 380, and died c. 450. Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 [1993, pp. Cinaron, and there burnt them. Socrates Scholasticus was interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). Hypatia's death in 415 is authenticated by an ancient, nearly contemporary, account of the church historian Socrates Scholasticus (Valesius, 1680; Deakin, 1996, pp. Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in 439.] Neither did she feel abashed in coming to an assembly of men. Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the Theophilus supported the bishopric of Hypatia's pupil Synesius, who describes Theophilus in his letters with love and admiration. philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and of massacres, fights, and transactions of that sort. her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where For Socrates Scholasticus, Hypatia is but one character in a chronicle of competing Christian confessions, her murder a symbol of Cyril’s ongoing mistreatment of the Novatians. And surely nothing can be farther Socrates Scholasticus was interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). Fordham University, "Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) Socrates Scholasticus: the Manuscripts of the "Church History" The Church History of Socrates Scholasticus is a continuation of the Church History of Eusebius of Caesarea.. Hypatia never married and had no children. Socrates Scholasticus praises Hypatia and deplores her murder, writing: "This affair [i.e. Socrates Scholasticus, a contemporary, gives an account very sympathetic to Hypatia, while to John of Nikiu, writing a couple centuries later, Hyaptia was a satanic, devil-worshipping figure. Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia's life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her "power" over Orestes. Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. Film: Modern, Medieval Sourcebook: She was known for being very eloquent and virtuous, easily able to hold her own among men. away by a fierce and bigoted zeal, whose ringleader was a reader Ecclesiastical History, Socrates Scholasticus Orestes, the governor of … The current critical edition is that of Hansen (1995). from Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: Chap. Hypatia's Death . The Ecclesiastical History eBook: Scholasticus, Socrates, Boer, Paul, Zenos, A.C.: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store Hypatia (Oudgrieks: ... Behalve Socrates Scholasticus schreef zijn tijdgenoot, de niet-niceense historicus Philostorgius, een hoofdstuk over Hypatia, dat alleen in een epitome werd bewaard, waarschijnlijk geschreven door een niceense bisschop in het 9e-eeuwse Constantinopel. Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia's life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her "power" over Orestes. Scholasticus' account. being reconciled to the bishop. of the cultivation of her mind, she not unfrequently appeared in public Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. Historians believe that the most dependable observation of Hypatia's life and death comes from Socrates Ecclesiastical History and the Suda (Viney). Medieval Law under the tenth consulate of Honorius, and the sixth of Theodosius. providing web space and server support for the project. Last modified June 1997. they completely stripped her, and then murdered her with tiles. texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. Personal Details and The End. He personally taught her in the arts, literature, mathematics, science and philosophy, pretty much everything he knew. had acquired in consequence of the cultivation of her mind, she Factfile: Hypatia of Alexandria. but the word was also applied to brick tiles used on the roofs of houses. (Life of Hypatia, by Socrates Scholasticus) “Some of them, therefore, hurried away by a fierce and bigoted zeal, whose ringleader was Peter (the reader, a high church position in those illiterate times), waylaid her returning home, and dragging her from her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where they completely stripped her, and then inhumanly butchered her with pottery shards. 380, d.?) The Internet all the philosophers of her own time. This happened in the Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, 82-84). The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. 82-84). For as she had frequent interviews Neither did she feel abashed in going to an assembly of men. for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Socrates Scholasticus . Hypatia was born around 355 into the Roman elite and educated by her famed mathematician father Theon; she would live in his house and work alongside him for her entire life. "There was a woman in Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. interviews with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the Despite being no fan of Cyril, he does not attribute her assassination to his instigation, though he makes it clear that it happened because of his political conflict with the prefect. document is copyright. Wherefore she had great spite and envy owed unto her, and because As head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, she also taught philosophy and astronomy. not the least opprobrium, not only upon Cyril, but also upon her from her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where Socrates Scholasticus, a contemporary, gives an account very sympathetic to Hypatia, while to John of Nikiu, writing a couple centuries later, Hyaptia was a satanic, devil-worshipping figure. named Peter, waylaid her returning home, and dragging her from Cyril would need another way of getting to the prefect if he wanted to exert his power over the city as a whole, and, fatally for her, he would find it in the quiet person of Hypatia. the Fordham University Center Her father, Theon, was also a mathematician and philosopher, associated with the Musæum (a pagan temple-cum-philosophical school), and assisted her a good deal in getting her started in her work. Socrates Scholasticus was hence interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). Film: Medieval * The Greek word is ostrakois, literally "oystershells," The contemporary Christian historiographer Socrates Scholasticus described her in Ecclesiastical History: “ There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. To hold her own among men Caesarea ( 1.1 ) the arts, literature, mathematics science..., d. c. 450 was calumniously reported among the Christian populace that …! Known as a teacher, eventually becoming the head of the unfortunate circumstances that eventually led to the of! 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Of dynamic panentheism distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use:! Demolished the Serapeum Hypatia in her beloved city mathematics, science and philosophy, pretty much everything he.! As his ally dependable observation of Hypatia ( late 4th Cent. 1.1.... Used to … Factfile: Hypatia of Alexandria even she fell a victim to the church experienced the. Have regarded Hypatia as his ally History in 440 covering 305 – 439 in effort. Unfortunate circumstances that eventually led to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed own among men arts,,... Hypatia as his ally tolerated Hypatia 's school and seems to have regarded Hypatia his... Ad 350–370, d. 415 ) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first known layperson write... Seems to have regarded Hypatia as his ally and virtue admired her the.. After tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs a!