They also have been known to hibernate in tree roots and rock crevices as well as submerged trash, barn floors, and basements (Johnson and Menzies 1993). Other studies have reported mean home ranges of 0.65 acres to 95 acres (Reinert and Kodrich 1982, Johnson 1995, Moore and Gillingham 2006, Durbian et al. If you are reading this in your Facebook app, use this link to view the entire gallery of photos. They say that Massasaugas are found throughout the Lower Peninsula, but not in the Upper Peninsula and that they are becoming rare in many parts of their former range, due to wetland habitat loss and persecution by humans. These sightings appear to cluster in several regions across the Lower Peninsula, indicating areas where massasaugas may be concentrated. Therefore, massasaugas may still be present in areas that lack recent, as well as historical, records. TOLEDO BLADE (Michigan) 07 April 03 Michigan seeks reports of rattlesnake sightings Lansing: The Michigan Department of Natural Re|sources asks residents to report all eastern massasauga rattlesnake observations in Michigan as part of a multi-state effort in cooperation with the U.S. 155-164 in Fifteenth North American Prairie Conference Proceedings, edited by C. Warwick. 1999. "'You should have killed it,' or ‘I would have killed it.’ It’s really unfortunate.”, Two Michigan residents bitten by rare rattlesnake in one month. This much is known: the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake … 8 pp. Copeia 4:742-751. The presence of water that does not freeze is critical to hibernaculum suitability (Johnson 1995). Massasaugas now mainly occur in disjunct, isolated populations and have been afforded some level of legal protection in every state or province within its range. Midl. RSS Bookmark Share.. Embed Print Favorite . 2008. Legge, J. T. and M. R. Rabe. J. of Wildl. Fish and Wildlife Service, Green Bay, WI. It is best described as a buzzing sound, similar to one made by a bee stuck in a spider web. This seasonal shift in habitat use appears to vary regionally and among populations (Szymanski 1998). Moore and Gillingham (2006) followed the general movement patterns of massasaugas at a fen in Michigan and found emergence from hibernacula occurred in early to mid-April, then the snakes moved out of buckthorn dominated scrub\shrub or lowland hardwood floodplain to open and slightly higher elevation (approximately 5015m) emergent or scrub/shrub wetland during summer. Anyone who is bitten should seek professional medical attention. Interestingly, the Southern tip of the state is the only place you will find the other species on this list. These small rattlesnakes are shy and reclusive, and are seldom seen This snake is seen so seldom that there is much that most state residents do not know about these pit vipers. The massasauga also appears to have strong site fidelity, often returning to the same hibernation site or area each year. Unpublished discussion paper for Canadian Parks Service. Instead, he let the snake out onto his paddle and Jessica took pictures. Siegfried & his longtime partner Roy Horn (Siegfried & Roy) were a mainstay and a must see in Vegas for decades. Univ. The snakes face a lot of threats though, including a recently discovered fungal disease. Michigan poison control centers report about 16 massasauga bites in a typical year. Two Michigan residents were bitten by a rare rattlesnake in one month, an incident the Department of Natural Resources says is unusual. After emergence … 1986. The most recent information on mean home ranges for massasaugas in Wisconsin and Missouri is 9 acres for females, 13 for gravid females, 95 for males, and 2 for neonates (Durbian et al. Date Visible Max Height Appears Disappears Share Event; Sun Jan 17, 7:38 PM: 1 min: 21° 10° above SSW: 21° above S : Mon Jan 18, 6:51 PM: 3 min: 21° 10° … The snake is usually solid black or blue/blue gray in color. But the recent uptick in rattlesnake sightings in the Bay Area has nothing to do with the global pandemic: It's the weather. Michigan DNR Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake 60-Second Snakes Video; Life History & Michigan History. 1991. 1990. Unpublished report to the Illinois Department of Conservation, Division Natural Heritage, Springfield, IL. It is protected as a federally threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. Rattlesnake bites, while rare in Michigan, can and do occur. These small rattlesnakes are shy and reclusive, and are seldom seen This snake is seen so seldom that there is much that most state residents do not know about these pit vipers. Sign Up for Alerts now! 2005. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. “I was like, ‘No way!’” he said. Fish and Wildlife Service. Female massasaugas reach sexual maturity at three or four years of age, after which they have been reported to reproduce both annually and biennially in different parts of their range (Reinert 1981, Seigel 1986, Harding 1997). A. and J. C. Gillingham. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. About the Natural Community Classification, Gray or grayish brown with dark blotches edged in white and spots down back and sides, 18.5-30 inches long; record 39.5 inches long, Pit on each side of head between eye and nostril, Tail thick, squarish; does not taper to a point like all other snakes in Michigan, Does not always rattle a warning; relies on pattern and remaining motionless to go undetected, Light gray or tan with brown or reddish-brown, black-bordered blotches running down back, Young similar to adults but blotches brighter red, Often Y- or V-shaped light marking on top of neck, Belly white with black checkerboard pattern, Eastern subspecies in Southeast Lower Peninsula only; western subspecies in Upper Peninsula only, Yellowish to light brown with black or dark brown blotches; head reddish or orangish, Belly yellow with black checkboard pattern, Most have dark spots/blotches on yellowish, reddish or brown background, but some solid black, brown or olive, When threatened, spreads neck to display two prominent black eyespots on neck and hisses; may turn over and play dead, Belly yellow-gray with greenish gray pattern, Light brown with dark brown or blackish blotches; older individuals may appear uniformly black, Belly cream with irregular rows of reddish or blackish half moon crescents. Massasauga home range patterns in the Midwest. On the same day, they encountered a tail-slapping beaver and stumbled upon a buck. This species tends to hibernate singly or in small groups of two or three (Johnson and Menzies 1993). The females give birth to litters of 5 to 20 live young in August or early September in mammal burrows or fallen logs in the uplands (Vogt 1981, Harding 1997). Rattlesnakes can be found in almost every U.S. state. Unpublished report to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3 Office, Fort Snelling, MN. Lake Michigan Ecological Research Station 1100 N. Mineral Springs Road Porter, IN 46304 January 10, 2005 Great Lakes Network Report GLKN/2005/02. Ecology and conservation of an endangered rattlesnake, S. catenatus, in Missouri, U.S.A. Biol. Pp. Movements and habitat utilization by the massasauga, S. c. catenatus. Moore, J. Here's a look at every snake that calls Michigan home. Eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) biology, status, and management: A guide for recovery. This snake is seen so seldom that there is much that most state residents do not know about these pit vipers. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. Unpublished report to the U.S. Massasaugas usually are active between April and late October. Johnson, G. 1995. 36 pp. The Hothams aren’t foreign to nature. The eastern massasauga was once common across its range but has declined dramatically since the mid-1970's, according to a 1998 eastern massasauga status assessment conducted by the U.S. The snakes are often found in open wetlands without many trees or shrubs nearby and they primarily exist in Ontario, Canada and Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. Al… Legge, J. T. and M. R. Rabe. Many bites are the result of people handling them, though people walking though tall grass in rattlesnake habitat near and around wetlands without adequate footwear or long pants could potentially be bitten. The dog was given a $900 … These small rattlesnakes are shy and reclusive, and are seldom seen . Status assessment for the eastern massasauga (Sistrurus c. catenatus). 205 pp. To report sightings and learn more about the massasauga, please visit the Michigan DNR’s page on the species at Eastern massasauga. Mating occurs in the spring, summer and fall (Reinert 1981, Vogt 1981, Harding 1997). Roy Horn died in May of 2020 due to complications from Covid-19. Oregon: The Natural Areas Association. Michigan, one of the fifty United States, is home to two types of lizards, nineteen types of snakes and eleven types of turtles, all members of the class Reptilia. Natural predators for the massasauga, particularly the eggs and young, include hawks, skunks, raccoons, and foxes (Vogt 1981). In mid-October, snakes returned back to their hibernacula in lowland hardwood floodplain. Massasauga home ranges and movement distances can be quite variable, which may be due to differing habitat structure and resource availability at the various sites (Moore and Gillingham 2006). It is a small- to medium-sized snake, with adult lengths averaging 2 to 3 feet. “He was totally happy just sitting there and being out of the water. Harding, J. H. 1997. Like all rattlesnakes, it is a pit viper, and like all pit vipers, it is venomous Subscribe to MLive.com. They have also been listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. This much is known: the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake … Massasaugas also appear to exhibit seasonal shifts in habitat utilization. Within the last decade, eastern massasaugas have been reported from about 150 sites in 50 counties. “We’ve seen some crazy things. 1966, confirmed massasauga sightings within the park’s vicinity have been rare and no confirmed sightings were made within the official boundary of the park. It prefers to avoid detection by hiding under vegetation, woody debris or other cover or remaining motionless and relying on its cryptic coloration. Rattlesnake bites, while extremely rare in Michigan, can and do occur. Thus, the eastern massasauga's long-term viability in Michigan has important implications for this species' persistence rangewide. Still, it poses little to no threat to humans. 1533 pp. Reinert, H. K. and W. R. Kodrich. Although it's venomous, the massasauga is a timid snake. Populations in southern Michigan are typically associated with open wetlands, particularly prairie fens, while those in northern Michigan are better known from lowland coniferous forests, such as cedar swamps (Legge and Rabe 1999). They generally occupy wetland habitats in the spring, fall, and winter, but in the summer, snakes migrate to drier, upland sites, ranging from forest openings to old fields, agricultural lands and prairies. 31 pp. Summary of recent sightings of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake (S. c. catenatus) in Michigan and identification of significant population clusters. Klauber, L.M. I was super excited to have a close encounter with an endangered animal.”. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake, sometimes called the Michigan Rattlesnake, Prairie Massasauga, or Swamp Massasauga, is one of several Michigan-native snakes, but is Michigan’s only venomous snake. 17 pp. Dissertation. U.S. Geological Survey, Porter, IN, for National Park Service Great Lakes Inventory and Monitoring … Beltz, E. 1992. He also recorded mean range lengths of 0.03 mile for neonates, 0.2 mile for non-gravid females, 0.4 mile for gravid females, and 0.8 mile for males. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources has had difficulty monitoring this one due to its elusive nature. Massasaugas spend most of the time in the spring basking on elevated sites such as sedge and grass hummocks, muskrat and beaver lodges, or dikes and other embankments. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake, sometimes called the Michigan Rattlesnake, Prairie Massasauga, or Swamp Massasauga, is one of several Michigan-native snakes, but is Michigan’s only venomous snake. Reptiles are cold-blooded, and so usually pass the cold winters of Michigan … Michigan is one of a few states that has a significant wolf population, but all of the roughly 630 animals in the state were believed to be residing in the Upper Peninsula. He decided not to touch it. Massasaugas usually hibernate in the wetlands in crayfish or small mammal burrows. From Michigan Department of Natural Resources: The term “massasauga” means “great river mouth” in the Ojibwe language and was likely given to these snakes because … In the middle of a 14-hour kayak fishing journey, the Hothams, who live in Napoleon, spotted the snake while paddling through Cleveland Lake near Brooklyn. BROOKLYN, MI – Jonathan Hotham came across a large snake while kayaking with his wife Jessica earlier this month. Two Michigan residents bitten by rare rattlesnake in one month The Hothams aren’t foreign to nature. Stick: Tom Goniea, a fisheries biologist and herptile expert with the Michigan Department … Two Michigan residents were bitten by a rare rattlesnake in one month, an incident the Department of Natural Resources says is unusual. Small children and people in poor health are thought to be at greatest risk. Snake 26 is a two and a half foot massasauga rattlesnake – the only kind of poisonous snake that lives in Michigan. Since 2016, the massasauga has been considered federally-threatened, meaning it is likely or expected to become endangered, DNR officials have said. Nearly one- third of the historical occurrences in the state has not been reconfirmed in the past ten years. The rattle sound of the massasauga is different than the traditional sound of other rattlesnake species. Soon after, he determined the snake was an Eastern massasauga rattlesnake – Michigan’s only venomous snake and rattlesnake, according to the state Department of Natural Resources. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. Specifically, all known sites appear to be characterized by the following: (1) open, sunny areas intermixed with shaded areas, presumably for thermoregulation; (2) presence of the water table near the surface for hibernation; and (3) variable elevations between adjoining lowland and upland habitats (Beltz 1992). Veterinary Dr. Noni Greene said Dexter was bitten by a massasauga rattlesnake, the only rattlesnake native to Michigan. Spring emergence typically starts in late March and early April as groundwater levels rise and ground temperature approaches air temperature (Harding 1997, Szymanski 1998). Currently the Massasuaga rattlesnake is listed in Michigan under Special Concern and is a candidate for federal listing. Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. Massasaugas feed primarily on small mammals such as voles, moles, jumping mice, and shrews. The massasauga rattlesnake is Michigan’s only venomous snake. “I was excited.”. 378 pp. Historically, they could be found in a variety of wetlands and nearby upland woods throughout the lower peninsula. Anyone who is bitten should seek professional medical attention. Hallock, L. A. It is a small- to medium-sized snake, with adult lengths averaging 2 to 3 feet. The massasauga rattlesnake is Michigan's only venomous snake. He didn’t try to come toward me, didn’t try to get off of the paddle, he was just totally chill.”. Also, massasaugas are highly cryptic and difficult to observe in its natural habitat. Amphibians and reptiles of the Great Lakes region. 1982. Three subspecies are currently recognized including the nominate subspecies described here. He “freaked out.” But not in the way many people would. Unpublished report to the U. S. 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