Organization of contents according to the sequence and continuity of learning within a given knowledge domain or subject over time (vertical articulation to improve coherence) and the scope and integration of curricular contents from different knowledge domains within a particular grade level (horizontal articulation or balance to develop integration between subjects, The change from focus on workforce development to lifelong career skills in community colleges over the past thirty years offers many examples of how horizontal linkages enhance higher education practice. An end-to-end example: fine-tuning an image classification model on a cats vs. dogs dataset. For example, a horizontal flip of a picture of a cat may make sense, because the photo could have been taken from the left or right. Vertical curriculum is in a given subject across several grades. horizontal school creates learning spaces in Berlin, where diversity is celebrated. Horizontal Alignment The definition of horizontal alignment is not a particularly new concept in the study of assessment (Bloom, Madaus, Hastings, 1981; Impara, 2001; Tyler, 1949; Webb, 1999). The term is most commonly used in reference to learning standards—concise, clearly articulated descriptions of what students should know and be able to do at a specific stage of their education. Combining theory and practice as well as supporting meaningful connections we unfold the potential of individuals, their teams and organizations to orientate in a (too) complex world. Vertical growth is the type that will be most familiar to American professionals. It is aligning the curriculum in a given subject with other subjects in the same grade. Horizontal curriculum is also called cross-curriculum instruction. Using a computer-based analogy, we could say that horizontal development increases the size of your mental hard drive, and vertical development boosts your processor’s speed and power.Having both means you’re in a better position to analyze and use the vast amount of data you’ve stored on your hard drive, and you’re better prepared to withstand any sudden, unexpected changes in … For example, a vector with a length of 5 at a 36.9 degree angle to the horizontal axis will have a horizontal component of 4 units and a vertical component of 3 units. We will load the Xception model, pre-trained on ImageNet, and use it on the Kaggle "cats vs. dogs" classification dataset. Horizontal alignment is the degree to which an assessment matches To solidify these concepts, let's walk you through a concrete end-to-end transfer learning & fine-tuning example. In regards to handstands: Vertically: Learning a freestanding HS and then trying to achieve a one arm handstand after that. If we were to add this to another vector of the same magnitude and direction, we would get a vector twice as long at the same angle. Horizontal development = Skill Work; Vertical development = Strength work (much more fatiguing) I hope the following examples help make it clearer. The term learning progression refers to the purposeful sequencing of teaching and learning expectations across multiple developmental stages, ages, or grade levels. A vertical flip of the photo of a cat does not make sense and would probably not be appropriate given that the model is very unlikely to see a photo of an upside down cat. Getting the data In my reading class, we read novels about the time period we're studying in history. Horizontal and vertical alignment within an education system (based on Webb, 1997b). Horizontal career growth exists in stark contrast to vertical career growth. Horizontal programmatic and curricular organization is expressed in a myriad of tangible ways. 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