From Chartres, the Division advanced to liberate Dreux and then Melun, where they crossed the Seine Ri… On 30 May the Division was assigned to Third Army. German losses in action against 8th Armored units were 5 Panzer IV tanks, 72 prisoners and many dead and wounded. On 7 August 1942 the first stage of the offensive began with landings by a Marine division on Guadalcanal and nearby islands. of the First Army. [1], For the period of 15–18 April CCB cleared the area near the Hartz Mountains of remnants of the 11th Panzer Army while CCA began moving to Seehausen to support the attack on Magdeburg by the XIX Corps. From Fighting Divisions, Kahn & McLemore, Infantry Journal Press, 1945-1946. The armored infantrymen were not issued the Browning Automatic Rifle as each rifle platoon contained 2 M1919A4 medium machine guns as well as the 4 M1919A4's and 1 M2 mounted on the platoon's halftracks. of the 83rd Inf. [5], Major General John Devine (Commander in Combat) 1944–1945, Combat Command Organization, 1944–1945 10th Armd Gp 28 Feb 45-5 Mar 45, 999th Engr Treadway Br Co 27 Feb 45-29 Mar 45 The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. From 1942 to 1944 it functioned as a training command stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana. By nightfall, most of Blankenburg had surrendered except for a few strongpoints that comprised fanatical resisters unwilling to lay down their arms or soldiers who had not yet received word to surrender. CCA then swung southeast from Dorsten heading for Polsum. The 8th liberated Halberstadt-Zwieberge, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, between 12 and 17 April 1945 during its drive through central Germany. A training command was needed to supply trained men for these future units. One way we promote public education of military history is through our exhibits. On 3 April fighter-bombers (known as Jabos by the troops) of the US 9th Air Corps provided close air support in the Teutoburg Forest and Neuhaus areas. [1], From the period of April through October 1944, the division conducted post-maneuver training, losing a number of trained personnel to other units and absorbing and training their replacements. [4], The end of hostilities unfortunately did not mean the end of casualties for the 8th Armored. The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. It would have been in the fight against the Wehrmacht much sooner had it not been so valuable as a training division. Military Police Platoon CCB was relieved at 2400 and ordered to the Venlo, Holland, rest area, the relief being completed on 10 and 11 March. Unfortunately these changes had not been fully implemented when Rommel attacked on 26 May 1942, pushed the 8th Army back and captured Tobruk on 21 June. Before it sailed for overseas on Election Day, 1944, the “Iron Snake,” as it is now known, trained more than 50,000 officers and men, who were shipped abroad to fill gaps in eight other armored divisions. On 14 April the remaining units of the Division began moving to an assembly area in the vicinity of Braunschweig with CCA going to Wolfenbüttel and CCR going to Denstorf. three miles east of … Div. and secured the town of Wachtendonk at the confluence of Niers River and Nette River. Citation: He was the leader of a combat patrol on 21 December 1944 near Grufflingen, Belgium, with the mission of driving German forces from dug-in positions in a heavily wooded area. [1], On 7 April the eastward movement of the US 2nd Armored Division and the westward movement of the 8th Armored created a gap of 180 miles (290 km) between the two fronts. on the right and the 84th Inf. The area (nicknamed '88 Lane') was under direct anti-tank and heavy artillery fire so each house had to be cleared by dismounted infantry. 80th Tank Battalion: Maj. A. E. Walker The Squadron was organized in Troops and equipped as follows: Recon units were often supported by Tank Destroyer units, in the case of the 8th the 809th Tank Destroyer Battalion. The division was inactivated on 13 November 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia by Gen. Charles F. on the left. First taste of battle for the 8th Armored came in the Third Army’s preliminary attack against the Moselle-Saar salient, Supporting the 94th Infantry Division, Combat Command A drove the crack 11th Panzer Division out of the fortress towns of Nennig, Berg and Sinz. Other weakened prisoners were killed by phenol injections administered by the camp doctor. Leach, Charles R; In Tornado's Wake Argus, 1956 ISBN 0-89839-176-8, Articles with links needing disambiguation from November 2015, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1942, MilitaryHistoryOnline.com – US Army in World War II, "275th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Association Home Page", Military History Online – US Army in World War II, Tornado! Div. 959th FA Bn (4.5" Gun) 5 Apr 45-10 Apr 45, 290th CT (- 1st Bn) (75th Div) 27 Mar 45-30 Mar 45 473rd AAA AW (SP) Battalion Armoured warfare or armored warfare , mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare. The 8th completed the D Series and participated in the Sixth Louisiana Maneuver Period from February through April 1944 as part of the Red Force. On 1 May the 58th Inf. The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. so an attack could be mounted in the direction of Rheinberg and Wesel to prevent the Germans from crossing the Rhine River. The 6th Armored Division landed across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 19, 1944, and assembled at Le Mesnil 6 days later. 8th Infantry Division in World War II ... critical bridgehead over the Ay River so that armored divisions could launch a breakout and then attack into Brittany and Northern France. Following heavy air and artillery attacks in the morning, the tank-infantry assault was made, and the city was captured before dark. The US 9th Air Force continued to provide close air support as the division continued into the Ruhr Pocket through heavy fighting in the Lippstadt area. 11 Apr 45 Lt. Col. Edwin H. Burba, 21 Nov 44 Col. Robert J. Wallace 399th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Drabik, Alex 27th Armored Infantry Regiment, 9th Armored Division 318 Dragoni, J. R. 3rd Photo Reconnaissance Squadron 914 and received orders to attack towards the west to help reduce the Ruhr Pocket. Mar 13, 2018 - The 8th Tank Battalion was one of three tank battalions in the US Fourth Armored Division. CCA had lost 2 tanks, 1 halftrack and 1 jeep during these operations. The 8th Division was activated 1 July 1940. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. Free shipping for many products! The next day CCR captured Kolonie Bertlich. Heavy house to house fighting slowed the attack. (attached by companies to Combat Commands) The ships arrived in Southampton on 18 November and the division moved to Tidworth Barracks, joining the newly formed US Fifteenth Army. A brief History of the 8th Armored Division "Thundering Herd" The 8th Armored Division was activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on 1 Apr 1942. At 1000 hours a 13 plane squadron attacked Blankenburg and immediately afterward the burgomeister was contacted about surrendering after a show of force. Order of Battle - WWII - ETO; 8th ARMORED DIVISION; Return to Table of Contents "Thundering Herd" The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. Arrived Continent (D+213) 6 January 1945 1.1.1… C $7.64 + C $3.21 shipping . CCB moved through Sittard, Gangelt, Geilenkirchen, Randerath, and Brachelen to arrive at the Hilfarth Bridge and crossed after CCA. Most of CCB moved on to Halberstadt with some units remaining in Wolfenbüttel until the rest of the Division arrived. CCB moved on Unna capturing Holtun and Hemmerude. The 8th was composed of 3 Armored Infantry Battalions: The Battalion Headquarters Unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 2 – 3 M2A1 or M3A1Halftracks and various peeps or similar vehicles.[6]. Click on a link to access the respective web site. Leach.) Division Artillery: Col. W. H. Holt On 26 October the division traveled 180 miles (290 km) from Camp Oklahoma City to Camp Phillip Morris at LeHarve, France and the Division was officially dismounted. They then captured Ost Buederich by the end of the day. 691st Tk Bn 21 Feb 45-28 Feb 45 These photos are (with a few exceptions) from the period 1943 to 1945. THORNE, Horace M. [posthumously] Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Troop D, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Armored Division. [1][6], Early experience with armored warfare in the First World War made it clear that tanks could not fight in isolation. 3 May 45 Maj. Gen. John M. Devine, 21 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Emmet R. White CCA was assigned to attack Delbruck, CCB to attack Paderborn. During this period the Division became the first US or British unit to uncover the existence of the secret Werwolf organization when several cleverly camouflaged bunkers were discovered, each containing 12 to 15 fully equipped German soldiers. The Division received orders to cease forward movement as it was 'pinched out' by the 35th Inf. It was committed through the 8th Infantry Division to clear the heights near Le Bingard on Jul 27, and CCA secured a bridgehead across the Sienne River near Pont de la … [3], Of interest is that all details regarding the camp were sealed and classified by the US Government; presumably because of the camp's involvement with an improved version of the V-1 flying bomb. The 8th received orders on 1 April from XIX Corps to set up two spearheads for an attack to the east, the 2nd Armored and 30th Infantry in one and the 8th Armored and 83rd Infantry in the other. Reg. On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. [1], On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. The 8th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that served in the European Theater of World War II. CCB captured Werl by late afternoon after heavy resistance during the day. Co. C, 53 Armored Engineers built a bridge across the canal in just 44 minutes. On 5 April Col. Vesely assumed command of CCR and continued to attack westward capturing the towns of Horne, Klieve, Schmerlacke and Serlinghausen. From there the 8th Armored moved farther south, and soon was massed around Blankenburg, at the foot of the Harz Mountains. Once known as the “Show Horse” Division, the 8th Armored Division proved it was a work-horse outfit in the brief time it was in combat against the Nazi military machine. The Story of the 8th Armored Division (WWII unit history booklet, 1945), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4685444. View some pictures of recent Exhibits. Later CCR was relieved and ordered to move to the vicinity of Denstorf. 78th Armored Medical Battalion: Lt. Col. P. D. Marx On 23 March all artillery units commenced firing over 130,000 rounds preceding the initial crossing of the Rhine River to be made by the 30th Infantry Division. The casualties suffered by a typical American infantry regiment serving in World War II were horrendous. The Service Company contained the special units like: Companies A, B and C generally consisted of 17 medium tanks as follows: Shortly after arriving in Europe, the 8th swapped its M5A1 tanks for the newer, more powerful M24 Chaffee light tank. [1], Col. Wallace, the commander of CCR, was captured by German forces during the night of 4 April. The records confirmed the role of the division in liberating the camp and the division's flag was added to those on display at the U.S. I. O. Drewry. The burgomeister of Ost Onnen surrendered the town later that day. The town of Billmerich was also captured. The division served as the first official military guardian of … The Japanese reacted vigorously. If you have any data on units and those who served we would be interested in adding it to our digital project-library; please Contact Us. There were 20 Infantry Divisions, 10 Armored Divisions and 3 Airborne Divisions that received the Ardennes Credit. Newly liberated inmates of one of the Buchenwald slave-labor subcamps. The 8th Armored Division was activated on Apr 1, 1942, at Fort Knox, Kentucky, with “surplus” units of the recently reorganized 4th Armored Division and newly-organized units. If you can't find someone you are looking for, please go to our search page. The SS staff sent those too weak or disabled to continue working to the Bernburg or Sonnenstein euthanasia killing centers, where they were killed by gas. 7th Armored Infantry Battalion 4th Infantry Division. [1], CCA continued cleaning up operations in Unna while CCR captured the towns of Hengsen, Ostenforf, Ottendorfdisambiguation needed, and Dellwig. 18th Tank Battalion Also included are units of the 8th and 9th Army Air Forces. CCA attacked on the left flank and captured Im Loh then moved on to bypass Dorsten. CCR, in the meantime, outposted all roads northeast of Soest to facilitate an attack on the town by the 94th Inf. 148th Armored Signal Company, 398th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 809th Tank Destroyer Battalion[4]. This would allow German forces to briefly cut off the US 2nd Armored. On 19 February the division moved to Roermond, the Netherlands to relieve the British 7th Armoured Division in the vicinity of Echt and launched a diversionary attack as part of Operation Grenade, pushing the enemy north of the Heide woods and east of the Roer River. They move 170 miles (270 km) to Wolfenbüttel. 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion: Lt. Col. T. B. Harrington Entered Combat--First Elements 19 January 1945 405th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col. William McLynn[4], Service Battalions: Once known as the “Show Horse” Division, the 8th Armored Division proved it was a work-horse outfit in the brief time it … They went overseas on 5 December 1943 where they trained in Ireland for the Invasion of Europe.. The 8th Armored Division was activated on 1 April 1942, at Fort Knox, Kentucky, to serve this purpose. Division Trains: Col. Y. D. Vesely [1], The 8th launched its attack on schedule but CCB was soon stalled by fierce German resistance at Neuhausdisambiguation needed. Div. The 8th Infantry Division, ("Pathfinder") was an infantry division of the United States Army during the 20th century.The division served in World War I, World War II, and Operation Desert Storm.Initially activated in January 1918, the unit did not see combat during World War I and returned to the United States. See more ideas about battalion, armor, tank. [1][2], While CCB blocked the German withdrawal near Ost Onnen, CCA cleared the area north of the Moehne River so glider troops could be landed in case of a break-out attempt in that area. The following day CCA joined the attack on Unna and CCB went into reserve. 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