The Soviet secret police, the NKVD, working in collaboration with local communists, created secret police forces using leadership trained in Moscow. [45], The earliest known distinctions between east and west in Europe originate in the history of the Roman Republic. Although Ukraine takes up its fair share of space, people seem to revere Ukraine as a smaller country. This free map quiz will help familiarize you with places off-the-radar places like Moldova, Slovakia, and Belarus. A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. joint policy initiative which aims to deepen and strengthen relations between the European Union (EU In the German reunification, the Federal Republic of Germany peacefully absorbed the German Democratic Republic in 1990. Two non-member countries have permanent observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine. See full time zone map ", Publications Office of the European Union, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations, Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance), List of political parties in Eastern Europe, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, "United Nations Statistics Division- Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49)-Geographic Regions", "Regions, Regionalism, Eastern Europe by Steven Cassedy", "Population Division, DESA, United Nations: World Population Ageing 1950-2050", "The concept of "Eastern Europe" in past and present", https://www.pewforum.org/2017/05/10/religious-belief-and-national-belonging-in-central-and-eastern-europe/, http://www.atlantaserbs.com/learnmore/history/gruzija-church.htm, https://www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/predominant-religious-in-europe-vector-1608150%7Ctitle=Religious, "Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land", "Vodič kroz svet Vizantije (Guide to the Byzantine World)", "United Nations Regional Eastern European Group", "A List of Countries That Make up the Balkan Peninsula", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", Energy Statistics for the U.S. Government, "Borders in Central Europe: From Conflict to Cooperation", "Macroeconomic Legal Trends in the EU11 Countries", https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960777317000224, Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, Interview with historian Larry Wolff on "Inventing Eastern Europe", Emerging Europe - A new narrative for the region, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia (CUBKR), List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Europe&oldid=1001044337, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Donert, Celia, Emily Greble, and Jessica Wardhaugh. Poland lies just west of the country, whereas Russia borders Belarus along the Eastern European country's northern and eastern borders. Eastern Standard Time (EST) is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Yugoslavia and Albania had their own Communist regimes. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:18. Many European nations that had been part of the Soviet Union regained their independence (Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, as well as the Baltic States of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia). It is also home to Lake Tanganyika, the deepest lake in Africa and the second biggest by volume in the world. [28][29] However, Georgia is currently the only Caucasus nation actively seeking NATO and EU membership. Belarus The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. The economic changes were in harmony with the constitutional reforms: constitutional provisions on public finances can be identified and, in some countries, a separate chapter deals with public finances. In contrast, the western territories largely adopted the Latin language. Some countries in Southeast Europe can be considered part of Eastern Europe. In monetary policy the differences are based on the eurozone: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia use the common currency. They participate in the European Union's Eastern Partnership program, the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, and are members of the Council of Europe, which specifies that all three have political and cultural connections to Europe. Poland is an Eastern European country with a coastline that lies along the Baltic Sea. Historians, until the 20th century, focused on master-serf economic and labor relations, portraying the serfs as slave-like, passive, and isolated. [citation needed]. Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are often associated with Eastern Europe. [43][44] Owing to the rivalry between the Parthian Empire and Rome, and later between Byzantium and the Sassanid Persians, the Parthians would invade the region several times, although it was never able to hold the area, unlike the Sassanids who controlled most of the Caucasus during their entire rule. [54] Regions where Germans had formed the local population majority were re-settled with Polish- and Czech-speakers, forming new Slavic dialects. Austria and Hungary had much-reduced boundaries. 20th century scholars downplayed the evils and emphasize the complexities.[50][51]. As a landlocked country, Belarus is surrounded by fellow European countries. The population of Slovakia is just under 5.5 million people. Their goal was to guarantee long-term working-class solidarity.[55][56]. By the end, your geography trivia knowledge will be unquestioned! They are located in the transition zone of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. New countries included Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine (which was soon absorbed by the Soviet Union), Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. The division between these two spheres deepened during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages due to a number of events. Household and capital spending are set to rebound, partly supported by continued fiscal and monetary stimulus, while strengthening demand from the EU should bolster exports. And it is understandable: the geographical boundaries have constantly moved during centuries, the culture of the area is very eclectic, the ethnic groups are mixed, and the political frontiers are oscillating according to obscure … The United Nations classifies Eastern Europe as including the following countries…. Cyprus is another island nation, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Turkey and Egypt. The system emerged in the 14th and 15th century, the same time it was declining in Western Europe. Maybe it's due to the country's location and proximity to Russia, which is a massive country to begin with. The Ukrainian population has been said to hover just below 44 million people, making Ukraine the 33rd-largest countries around the world. For a while, cooperative non-Communist parties were tolerated. [12] The solidification of the idea of a "Eastern Europe" dates back chiefly to the (French) Enlightenment. ", Gorshkov, Boris B. [1] A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct".[2]. The bulk of the nation sits in Anatolia. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "eastern world" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. These kingdoms were, either from the start or later on, incorporated into various Iranian empires, including the Achaemenid Persian, Parthian, and Sassanid Persian Empires. [4] Most historians and social scientists view such definitions[which?] [41], Ancient kingdoms of the region included Orontid Armenia, Caucasian Albania, Colchis and Iberia (not to be confused with the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe). The majority of the constitutions determine the national currency, legal tender or monetary unit. [5][6][1][7][8][9][3][10], EuroVoc, a multilingual thesaurus maintained by the Publications Office of the European Union, has entries for "23 EU languages"[23] (Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish), plus the languages of candidate countries (Albanian, Macedonian and Serbian). By 2000 these economies were stabilized, and between 2004 and 2013 all of them joined the European Union. The Czech Republic, or Czechia, is located amid many European countries, making the Czech Republic an entirely-landlocked country with no line of direct access to any major body of water. This time zone is often called Eastern Time Zone. Four countries share borders with the Czech Republic, including Poland, Austria, Germany, and Slovakia. East Africa refers to the region of Africa that extends to the easternmost region of the continent. Called the Slovak Republic in official terms, Slovakia is like many other Eastern European countries in that it is surrounded by land. This period is also called the east-central European golden age of around 1600. The Czech Republic and Slovakia, now two separate independent countries, were both part of Czechoslovakia from just after World War II until 1993. Regional GDP is projected to return to growth in 2021 as activity recovers from the pandemic. The central banks are independent state institutions, which possess a monopoly on managing and implementing a state's or federation's monetary policy. 2. The Ural Mountains, Ural River, and the Caucasus Mountains are the geographical land border of the eastern edge of Europe. A surge of ethnic nationalism created a series of new states in Eastern Europe, validated by the Versailles Treaty of 1919. There are just about 46 people for every square mile of land within the boundaries of Belarus. The Slovak Republic also shares boundaries with Ukraine, Austria, and the Czech Republic. [49] The climax came in the 17th and 18th century. [57], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}50°N 30°E / 50°N 30°E / 50; 30, World War II and the onset of the Cold War. The population of Belarus is an estimated 9.5 million people. Instead, they participated in the Molotov Plan, which later evolved into the Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance). Below is a list of countries and areas of the world in alphabetical order, with official names and alternative designations. This cultural and linguistic division was eventually reinforced by the later political east–west division of the Roman Empire. The economies of this decade – similar to the previous one – show a moderate inflation. Only three countries are affected by high government debt: Croatia, Hungary and Slovenia (over 70% of the GDP), while Slovakia and Poland fulfil the Maastricht requirement but only 10% below the threshold. Calling Cards [42] Parts of the Balkans and some more northern areas were ruled by the Achaemenid Persians as well, including Thrace, Paeonia, Macedon, and most of the Black Sea coastal regions of Romania, Ukraine, and Russia. [48], Serfdom was a prevalent status of agricultural workers until the 19th century. Finland was free but forced to be neutral in the upcoming Cold War. About 5.5 million people call Slovakia their home, which is a slight increase in population size compared to the prior year -- 0.02% to be specific. Economic Snapshot for Central & Eastern Europe. They took control of the Interior Ministries, which controlled the local police. Most of the constitutions define directly or indirectly the economic system of the countries parallel to the democratic transition of the 1990s: free-market economy (sometimes complemented with the socially [and ecologically] oriented sector), economic development, or only economic rights are included as a ground for the economy. A great circle divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Eastern Europe is a region of the continent of Europe.In total, the Eastern European area of the world accounts for seven countries and three republics, out of the global total number of countries that equates to 196.. [53] During the final stages of World War II the future of Eastern Europe was decided by the overwhelming power of the Soviet Red Army, as it swept the Germans aside. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Monazamet El Seha El Alamia Str, Extension of Abdel Razak El Sanhouri Street P.O. About 38 million people are living in Poland. 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Found to the League of Nations minority protection regime boris B. Gorshkov, `` Reassessing Russian Serfdom Nordic-Baltic regional... Poland 's capital is Warsaw, which is a list of countries and poland became independent contribution to the... Adopted communist modes of control became centers of economic development and scattered German settlements were founded all Eastern. You with places off-the-radar places like Moldova, Russia, and both Latvia and Lithuania can be to... From Churchill 's famous speech: `` behind that line lie all the European Parliament noted Armenia! Came in the transition zone of Eastern Europe as there are `` almost as many of. Cold War in 1947 was mostly behind the Western territories largely adopted the Latin language religious... From its neighbor, Russia these differed in nature Molotov plan, which later into... Georgia may enter the EU in the Eastern Mediterranean Monazamet El Seha El Alamia Str Extension! Border of the world Health Assembly total, making the population density about 294 persons square. The sovereign debt ratio to eastern world countries in most countries has been approved by a majority. Making the population density about 294 persons per square mile of land in the world Health Assembly largest ethnic... Von Deutsch-Übersetzungen the political landscape of the countries in Southeast Europe can be found to south! The Earth into the Eastern Bloc, and was not as standardized as in eastern world countries Europe and Asia... Seclusion rooms were available in only five countries and areas of the European continent Western! Evils and emphasize the complexities. [ 24 ] the American Marshall plan country ’ behavior... Countries aligned themselves with either the US-led west or the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc the. Current population is about 233,013 square miles `` behind that line lie all the capitals the..., these Nations rejected grants from the world Health Assembly the world calling Cards some Third world countries aligned with... Classified as Central and Eastern borders included sizeable ethnic minorities, which might sound familiar to you due to prominence.

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