The practitioner uses the data to determine how the person spends his or her day and in what types of activities he or she is involved. The scales rate spasticity as the difference between reaction to stretch at the fastest and slowest possible stretch velocities deemed by the examiner. imaginable degree, area of • Who is the client (individual, caregiver, group, population)? 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The intervention process includes intervention planning, implementation, and review. The evaluation requires that the OT gather accurate and useful information to identify the needs and problems of the client to plan intervention. It occurs at the same time as health providers conduct developmental monitoring. Select a subject to preview related courses: Simone tries to keep the profile to about one or two pages in length, and she knows there are specific protocols available to follow if she chooses. What areas of occupation are successful, and what areas are causing problems or risks? An evaluation is a […] Aug 3, 2017 - When there are concerns regarding your child’s speech and language skills, we have a few options available that will help to assess your child’s needs: a screening or a full evaluation. The practitioner investigates the client’s prior and current level of occupational performance and determines the client’s future occupational performance needs. The practitioner selects specific assessment instruments to collect further information. (From Pendleton H, Schultz-Krohn W, editors: Pedretti’s Occupational Therapy: Practice Skills for Physical Dysfunction, ed 6, St. Louis, 2006, Mosby.) The purpose of the evaluation process is to find out what the client wants and needs, and to identify those factors that support or hinder occupational performance.2 The OT practi-tioner develops an occupational profile of the client and analyzes the occupational performance to determine the client’s skills and ability to carry out activities of daily living. The common thread between the two professions is clear: A desire to help patients improve their lives. (Courtesy of University of California at Los Angeles, from Matsutsuyu JS: The interest checklist, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window), on Occupational Therapy Process: Evaluation, Intervention, and Outcomes, Describe the occupational therapy referral, screening, and evaluation process, Identify the purpose of the occupational profile, Describe the occupational performance analysis and how it is used in OT, Discuss the steps in conducting an interview, Understand the importance of observation skills in the evaluation process, Identify the steps in the intervention process, Describe the five general intervention approaches used in occupational therapy, Characterize the roles of the occupational therapist (OT) and the occupational therapy assistant (OTA) as they engage in the occupational therapy process. A process of passing judgment, on the basis of defined criteria and evidence is called evaluation. This resulted in a mean difference of 0.05 QALYs between the OT and SW groups. A screening is a brief meeting with your child that will determine your child’s strengths and weaknesses through informal measures. Framework collaborative process model. • What are the client’s current concerns relative to engaging in occupations and daily life activities? • What areas of occupation are successful, and what areas are causing problems or risks? Therefore, the practitioner gathers information related to the individual’s occupations. Physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) share some similarities, but there are also key differences. Assessment procedures how the child seems to respond to sensory input. Screening a client for occupational therapy is the process by which you can determine the nature and extent of the client's OT needs. The OT practitioner obtains initial information about the client, including the client’s age, gender, and reason for referral; diagnosis and medical history (including date of onset); prior living situation and level of function (e.g., independent at home or in a care home); and social, educational, and vocational background. So what is the difference between a physical and occupational therapist? learning about the birth and developmental history; having a sense of any major diagnoses, surgeries, or medical complications; including a paragraph about the child's family circumstances and social and emotional development; understanding any history of OT needs within the child's family. The evaluation process includes referral, screening, developing an occupational profile, and analyzing occupational performance. Interest checklists enable clients to report on hobbies and interests. The practitioner investigates the client’s prior and current level of occupational performance and determines the client’s future occupational performance needs. The OT initiates and directs the screening, evaluation, and re-evaluation process and analyzes and interprets the data in accordance with law, regulatory requirements, and AOTA documents. The process is dynamic and the focus is on occupation and the client as an occupational being.2 The client may be an individual, caregiver, group, or population. The OT is responsible for directing all aspects of the initial contact during the occupational therapy evaluation, including: a. determining the need for service. Next, Simone conducts interviews with people who know the child better than she does. How did you hear about Southern Mamas? The OT identifies a model of practice (see Chapter 14) from which the evaluation is based. Log In or Register to continue In this chapter, we describe the components of each stage and delineate the roles of the OT and the OTA throughout the process. ADL, Activities of daily living; CGA, contact guard assist; dep, dependent; DOB, date of birth; DX, diagnosis; HICN, health insurance carrier number; IADL, instrumental activities of daily living; indep, independent; LB, lower body; LUE, left upper extremity; max, maximum assist; min, minimum assist; mod, moderate assist; OT, occupational therapy; ROM, range of motion; RUE, right upper extremity; sup, supervised; UB, upper body. In some instances, the client is asked to fill out a checklist or questionnaire before the interview. The work of the occupational therapist is to be an expert on the complexity of occupation and to use that knowledge artfully to help others achieve a life that is purposeful and meaningful. Sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course stretch velocities deemed by the examiner is! 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